Dr. Christoph Busche

I recently have been working on the application of polyoxometalates for improving known and developing new CMOS devices. This approach is particularly promising because of the use of metal oxides in both the POMs and existing CMOS devices, which make both parts compatible. It is a fascinating interdisciplinary field between fundamental research in chemistry and the development of applications in engineering. Having a classical coordination chemistry background, it is intriguing for me to use now an “all metal approach” to coordinate active centres with equally active polyoxometalate ligands. My work focuses mainly on the electronic and magnetic properties of POM enclosed atoms. These changeable properties are the key to electronic applications such as sensors, switches or new data memory.

My previous work focussed on the effects of coordination geometry on the magnetic behaviour of transition metal complexes; the bispidine ligands I was using have a rigid backbone but a flexible and versatile coordination sphere. This unique feature enabled me to investigate the influence of small geometric changes on the magnetic behaviour. Furthermore, I could introduce a photoactive centre to the bispidine ligand, which shows an energy transfer and, due to this, an increase of the catalytic activity in the used complexes. My interest in multimetallic compounds started during my ERASMUS stay at the University of Strathclyde with the investigation of Schiff base ligands. The interaction of metal centres within a ligand system and there possible applications were always my biggest interest.

My private hobbies are hill waking, HEMA and photography, especially alternative photographic methods like cyanotype, argyrotype and other iron-based printing methods.

Group Publications

18. Elucidating the Paramagnetic Interactions of an Inorganic-Organic Hybrid Radical-Functionalized Mn-Anderson Cluster, L. Cronin, C. -G. Lin, M. Hutin, C. Busche, N. L. Bell, D. -L. Long, Dalton Trans., 2021, 50, 2350-2353
17. Hybrid Amperometric and Potentiometric Sensing Based on a CMOS ISFET Array, C. Giagkoulovits, M. A. Al-Rawhani, B. C. Cheah, C. Martin, C. Busche, L. Cronin, D. Cumming, IEEE Xplore, 2017, 17434371
16. Encapsulation of a {Cu16} cluster containing four [Cu4O4] cubanes within an isopolyoxometalate {W44} cluster, C. Zhan, C. Busche, D. -L. Long, P. I. Molina, R. S. Winter, L. Cronin, Chem. Commun., 2017, 53, 7076-7079
15. Following the Reaction of Heteroanions inside a {W18O56} Polyoxometalate Nanocage by NMR Spectroscopy and Mass Spectrometry, Q. Zheng, L. Vilà-Nadal, C. Busche, J. S. Mathieson, D. -L. Long, L. Cronin, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2015, 54, 7895-7899
14. Comparison Between Bulk and FDSOI POM Flash Cell: A Multiscale Simulation Study, V. P. Georgiev, S. M. Amoroso, T. M. Ali, L. Vilà-Nadal, C. Busche, L. Cronin, A. Asenov, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, 2015, 62, 680-684
13. Design and fabrication of memory devices based on nanoscale polyoxometalate clusters, C. Busche, L. Vilà-Nadal, J. Yan, H. N. Miras, D. -L. Long, V. P. Georgiev, A. Asenov, R. H. Pedersen, N. Gadegaard, M. M. Mirza, D. J. Paul, J. M. Poblet, L. Cronin, Nature, 2014, 515, 545-549
12. Optimization and Evaluation of Variability in the Programming Window of a Flash Cell With Molecular Metal-Oxide Storage, V. P. Georgiev, S. Markov, L. Vilà-Nadal, C. Busche, L. Cronin, A. Asenov, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, 2014, 61, 2019-2026
11. Towards Polyoxometalate-Cluster-Based Nano-Electronics, L. Vilà-Nadal, S. G. Mitchell, S. Markov, C. Busche, V. Georgiev, A. Asenov, L. Cronin, Chem. Eur. J., 2013, 19, 16502-16511
10. Polyoxometalate {W18O56XO6} Clusters with Embedded Redox-Active Main-Group Templates as Localized Inner-Cluster Radicals, L. Vilà-Nadal, K. Peuntinger, C. Busche, J. Yan, D. Lüders, D. -L. Long, J. M. Poblet, D. M. Guldi, L. Cronin, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2013, 52, 9695-9699
9. A redox-triggered structural rearrangement in an iodate-templated polyoxotungstate cluster cage, D. -L. Long, J. Yan, A. R. de la Oliva, C. Busche, H. N. Miras, J. R. Errington, L. Cronin, Chem. Commun., 2013, 49, 9731-9733
8. Naphthoxanthenyl, a New Stable Phenalenyl Type Radical Stabilized by Electronic Effects, O. Anamimoghadam, M. D. Symes, C. Busche, D. -L. Long, S. T. Caldwell, C. Flors, S. Nonell, L. Cronin, G. Bucher, Org. Lett., 2013, 15, 2970-2973
7. Synthesis and characterisation of a lanthanide-capped dodecavanadate cage, J. M. Cameron, G. N. Newton, C. Busche, D. -L. Long, H. Oshio, L. Cronin, Chem. Commun., 2013, 49, 3395-3397
6. Nanoscale Control of Polyoxometalate Assembly: A {Mn8W4} Cluster within a {W36Si4Mn10} Cluster Showing a New Type of Isomerism, R. S. Winter, J. Yan, C. Busche, J. S. Mathieson, A. Prescimone, E. K. Brechin, D. -L. Long, L. Cronin, Chem. Eur. J., 2013, 19, 2976-2981
5. ISFET sensor system for real-time detection of extracellular pH oscillations in slime mould, B. Nemeth, S. Tsuda, C. Busche, L. Cronin, D. Cumming, Electron. Lett., 2012, 48, 143-146
4. Imaging the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction in real time using an ion sensitive array, B. Nemeth, C. Busche, S. Tsuda, L. Cronin, D. Cumming, Chem. Commun., 2012, 48, 5085-5087
3. Real-Time Ion-Flux Imaging in the Growth of Micrometer-Scale Structures and Membranes, B. Nemeth, M. D. Symes, A. G. Boulay, C. Busche, G. J. T. Cooper, D. Cumming, L. Cronin, Adv. Mater., 2012, 24, 1238-1242
2. Nanoscale Growth of Molecular Oxides: Assembly of a {V6} Double Cubane Between Two Lacunary {P2W15} Polyoxometalates, C. Lydon, C. Busche, H. N. Miras, A. Delf, D. -L. Long, L. Yellowlees, L. Cronin, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2012, 51, 2115-2118
1. A Supramolecular Heteropolyoxopalladate {Pd15} Cluster Host Encapsulating a {Pd2} Dinuclear Guest: [PdII2{H7PdII15O10(PO4)10}]9−, F. Xu, R. A. Scullion, J. Yan, H. N. Miras, C. Busche, A. Scandurra, B. Pignataro, D. -L. Long, L. Cronin, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2011, 133, 4684-4686